Basketball Materials: Everything You Need to Know

The best basketball equipment is a basketball ball. During the process, manufacturers must consider carefully before choosing the most suitable basketball materials to be less susceptible to damage and debris buildup over time. 

But what are these superb materials used in the basketball ball’s production? Our article will offer a satisfying answer to your wonder. Keep scrolling down for further information!

What Are The Characters Of A Basketball? 

B-balls have undergone many upgrades

Basketball, in its various types, was first invented in the United States and has undergone many transformations. Throughout history, basketball designers have constantly upgraded its configuration to meet the standards and rules of the game.

For instance, Marvin Palquist proposed a “Hole-in-One” basketball to enhance the player’s grip. At that time, it had many dimples to alleviate sweaty palms when a basketball ball player engaged in a match.  

Over a long time, modern basketball has improved its quality and design. It has three main characteristics: surface covering, lining, and bladder. 

You can quickly notice its outer cover, whose color is bright orange, differentiating it from other balls. This part repels water and dirt and protects a ball’s internal components. 

Next is lining. These lines allow a player to grip the ball better and steer it in different directions without a hitch. The bladder looks like a bag inside a ball, where you put the air into this space, so it can bounce, rebound, and doesn’t lose its shape quickly. B-ball is a basketball equipment necessary for players when playing sports games.  

What Types Of Materials Are Used To Make A Basketball?

Here are some common basketball materials that a basketball is made of. Let’s get started!

There are many types of B-ball materials


Composite is produced from two or more constituent materials, known for its low price, lighter weight, and excellent durability.

That’s why it is used for the basketball ball’s outer covering. This cover usually interacts with the hard ground of a field, so strong and durable materials are needed in the manufacturing procedure.   

Read more: Basketball Sizes Standard


Leather is a strong, flexible, and durable material obtained from tanning, chemical treatment, or the decay of an animal’s skin. Besides composite, this material is also trusted to make a ball. 

A leather cover will be the whole grain with simple stitches cast by a heavy-duty machine instead of indented channels. Yet, manufacturers should be concerned about leather waste due to its thickness, color, and surface irregularities.  


Rubber is an organic compound that is famous for its elasticity and strength. A basketball ball’s bladder is made of this material because hard rubber can prevent it from exploding when too much air is inside. 

A rubber bladder also proves its supremacy in bouncing and rebounding over other materials. Some balls even have their surface made from synthetic laminated or smooth rubber.   

Read more: Indoor Vs Outdoor Basketball


Humans create synthetic fibers through chemical synthesis. Synthetic materials, like TPU, are used for coverings because they add more stability to the ball when shooting, but the ability to bounce back seems to be diminished. 

What Are Spalding Basketballs Made Of?

Spalding balls are made of leather

Leather is a primary material in Spalding basketball’s production process. This component is mainly provided by the Horween Leather Company, one of the most prominent leather suppliers worldwide. 

Only some leather types are trusted in use, as they must be checked carefully to meet all strict requirements of the Spalding company. For that reason, a Spalding basketball ball is always of the greatest quality and widely used in professional matches.    

Read more: Spalding Vs Wilson Basketball


This article has unfolded lots of helpful information about basketball materials. Composite, leather, rubber, and synthetic are familiar and reliable materials mainly used for basketballs ball. And if you are looking for a superb material among many, genuine leather is the answer. 

Thank you for your genuine support, and have a nice day!


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  • Dalvir O'Connor

    Meet Dalvir O'Connor, CEO and founder of Sportssio, boasts 15 years of experience in sports knowledge and analysis, backed by his Master's degree in Sport Psychology....

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